Analysis. The ERM company, in charge of environmental impact studies, considers that a challenge will be the conservation of water resources
The Inter-Oceanic Canal Caribbean will to Punta Gorda, the Pacific through the mouth of the river Brito, in Rivas, and Cocibolca cross the lake, passing through El Tule and Crawfish, having an estimated length of 278 kilometers, the dealership announced yesterday HKND Group.
Not yet been determined by which communities of the Autonomous Region of the Southern Caribbean (RACS) or Rivas will happen, however it is expected that the remainder of the year, environmental impact studies to determine the mitigation works that should be performed embark on the route chosen.
Yunsong Dong, chief engineer HKND management explained that the route was chosen number four, six in total, because this “environmental and social impacts are minimized.” This route would cover 105 kilometers on the lakeshore.
The width of the channel was estimated between 230 and 520 meters, and the depth between 27.6 and 30 meters, allowing the passage of “25,000 TEU container ships, bulk ships of 400,000 tons and 320,000 tons of oil.”
“Channel capacity is 5,100 ships a year, with 30 hours of transit each boat,” said Dong Yunsong during a hearing at which were present Commissioners of the Grand Canal, businessmen and journalists, and in which there is determined the cost of the work or duration.
The mega-project is composed of six sub. The first is the Canal, in which two locks, one in the Pacific, near the community of Rio Grande, in Rivas, and another called “Buck” in the Caribbean, near the confluence of the pipe would be constructed and Heloise Punta Gorda River.
Yunsong Dong said that the locks will be “one-way” and have “three continuous steps” because it will save “water resources and water costs will be reduced” in them.
According to the official HKND, “Canal operation will not cause significant changes” in the level Cocibolca that “basically maintain the current condition or affect the supply of water for domestic and productive use of the inhabitants of the basin.”
“The canal will use water collected mainly from Punta Gorda River basin, the supply of which is sufficient for the operation of the Canal,” said Yunsong.
He indicated that he built similar to Gatun Lake, an artificial lake in Panama, near Atlanta (which is located in Bluefields, bordering New Guinea), whose surface is 395 square kilometers. His “water level will remain the same as the Lake of Nicaragua,” he said.
It is expected that during the entire canal route 41 deposits will be installed, occupying a total area of 158 square kilometers.
“The surface of these areas will be flattened and may be used as high quality agricultural land or for other purposes of taking measures of reinstatement” added Yunsong.
Among the subprojects highlight two ports, one in the Caribbean, Punta de Aguila, and one in the Pacific, Brito, which is planned to build a dock for tankers and other multifunction. The latter serve as a dock for the Free Trade Area.
This Free Trade Zone is one of the subprojects and would be located “to
20 kilometers of the Pan American Highway and Rivas; 120 kilometers from Managua; 8 miles planned resort south; 17 kilometers from San Juan del Sur, and 16 kilometers from the new airport Rivas “.
This FTA would be divided into four: A Free Trade Zone, a Zone of Financial Offices an Export Processing Zone, and an Urban Area.
The bill provides that only the FTA would produce “30,000 jobs, and the total amount of import and export trade by 2030 to reach U.S. $ 25.000 million.”
“Establish an Urban Zone with an area of 15.08 square kilometers which is able to accommodate 140,000 people,” said the official HKND, adding that in the Financial District Offices financial, commercial and transportation services will be provided.
Besides four resorts, proposes the construction of an airport would be located north of Rivas.
“As planned, the class of airspace is 4E. The airport will have a capacity of 1.05 million people, one-track 3,200 meters and the 15,000 square-meter terminal, “he said.
190 Megawatts will be needed to build the work.
14.1 MILLION tons of cement.
4.4 MILLION tons of steel.
5.2 MILLION tons of fuel.
149 MILLION tons of sand and stone.
The stakes Cocibolca
The environmental challenges of the construction of the canal is to minimize water consumption Cocibolca, styling locks to control saline intrusion and, among others, improve watershed management, especially Punta Gorda River, considered Alberto Vega of Environmental Resources Management (ERM), in charge of environmental impact studies.
Vega said yesterday the reasons why they were rejected five of the six routes studied, and indicated some of the strategies that will be undertaken to mitigate the channel effects on the environment and society.
The consultant said the megaproject Rama crosses part of the territory in the Caribbean and the Nahua community in Rivas, so it is necessary to refer to this population, a detailed socio-economic research in the area of study, prepare a census and consult affected families on resettlement options.
He also said I should rehabilitate degraded areas in the book Indian Corn and Punta Gorda “and improve watershed management.” Vega stressed the need to “provide alternative and better living conditions, and compensation and funding to improve the Ramsar site of San Miguelito.”
In the activities of environmental studies conducted so far have said that 30 specialists participated EMR and 80 biologists and Nicaraguan experts.
He also indicated that it will be necessary to resettle several communities, but avoided specifying the amount of people that would be affected.