Written by Dragos Stănculescu
Although lately the international community towards nuclear disarmament is the accumulation of tensions between Moscow and Washington – state scandal which culminated with Snowden – make virtually impossible the resumption of such a file soon. Since the appeal it launched in Prague in 2009, Barack Obama is trying to make a nuclear disarmament of the “axis” of his presidency strong. In Berlin, in June, he proposed reducing the number of strategic weapons “with up to a third,” that is a target of about 1,000 nuclear warheads through “reductions negotiated with Russia.” Without categorically oppose the Russians let the prospect of long and difficult negotiations to achieve the proposed objective. Obama-Putin summit set aside in Moscow in early September, due to “lack of recent progress” in bilateral relations according to the American president shows that preparatory talks aimed at nuclear disarmament beyond the limits set by the START Treaty is in a dead, said experts told AFP. START requires each country to reduce, by 2018, to 1,550 the number of warheads deployed, ie immediately available. Subject of further cuts in nuclear arsenal is not in the Pentagon report on the meeting of Ministers of Defense Chuck Hagel U.S. and Russian Sergei Shoigu Friday meeting “2 +2” in Washington.
“Niet’s” unilateral Russian şiopţiunea Washington
Beyond Moscow expressed opposition to U.S. missile defense program, “given the Russian military doctrine, which contains provisions on military modernization, it is very unlikely that the Russian government to want to fall substantially below the levels specified in the START Treaty,” said the AFP Celeste Wallander, Russia încărcinată dossier to the Pentagon last year. Moscow relies more on nuclear weapons, because of “uncertainty Russian to China and the relative weakness of its conventional forces,” says Wallander, now professor at American University. Prospects for a negotiated disarmament are particularly weak with Moscow as “simply does not believe in the intentions displayed by the United States”, “old problems,” says Robert Norris, of the Federation of American Scientists (FAS). In the face of “niet” Russian remains the option of a unilateral American Arsan, a possibility suggested by Barack Obama in Berlin.
It may exempt expenses within a budget energized. Pentagon plans to allocate 215 billion over a ten year period, maintenance and modernization of its arsenal, a total “underestimated and unapproachable,” according to a report by CSIS experts.
In parallel, the Pentagon is facing automatic cuts of $ 500 billion for the same period. Reducing U.S. arsenal to 1,000 warheads would save approximately 39 billion dollars by the end of the decade, according to a study by the Arms Control Association.